1. Nepal is known for being the oldest country in South Asia.
2. Nepal does not have an independence day because Nepal was never under any foreign invasion and thus, was never colonized.
3. Nepal has Saturday as public holiday instead of Sunday as prevailed in other countries.
4. Nepal has 125 ethnic groups and 123 Languages (Mother Tongue).
5. Nepal has the highest proportion of Hindus in the world (though it recently turned secular).
6. The flag of Nepal is non-rectangular in shape. It is Red in color with two triangular shapes placed one above the other with blue border. The upper triangle consists of the moon and the lower triangle consists of the sun. The fundamental design has been used for approximately 2,000 years in Nepal although the current flag has been in place since 1962 only.
7. Nepal has been placed among the top 35 trekking destinations in the world by National Geographic Society and the Lonely Planet.
8. The Annapurna region was voted as one of the top 10 best trekking sites on earth.
9. Nepal has the second largest hydro power resources in the world.
10. Nepal Exports the largest volume of Black Cardamom in the World.
11. Nepal had opened its borders in the 1950s to the world and 2011 is Nepal Tourism Year.
12. Lord Gautam Buddha (also known as the light of Asia), was born in Nepal. His childhood name was Siddhartha Gautam and was born in Kapilvastu, Lumbini which lies in Nepal. Lumbini is also the sacred place for Buddhists.
13. Nepal is also the birth place of Janaki (Sita: the daughter of King Janak) who was born in Janakpur and married to Ram from Aayodhya (India).
14. Kathmandu (Capital of Nepal) valley is called the living cultural museum of the world as it alone has 7 World Heritage Cultural sites within a radius of 15 kilometers. It is also known as the city of the Temples.
15. Cow is the national animal and is sacred in Nepal. Cows are not eaten and are considered illegal to kill the animal. Due to this reason, it is not uncommon to see cows roaming around the streets of Kathmandu.
16. Nepal has the only living goddess called Kumari (meaning “virgin” in Nepali) in the world.
17. Gosainthan is located in Nepal and is the Nepali name for Shisha Pangma.
18. People in Nepal greet one another by putting their palms together and bow their forehead and say “Namaste”. Namaste means “I salute the God in you”.
19. The cheap and the most popular ‘fast food’ in Nepal is “Momo” which are made from wheat flour and water filled with different fillings like vegetable, chicken, or meat and served either fried or steamed and with a dipping sauce.
20. Out of the world’s 14 highest mountains, Nepal has 8 of them including the Mount Everest. Mount Everest, in Nepali language, is known as Sagarmatha. It means the “Goddess of the Sky”or “Forehead of the Sky”. In the Sherpa and Tibetan language, Everest is also called “Chomolungma”, which means the “Goddess Mother of the World.” The word Everest was kept from the name of the British surveyor general of the Himalayas, George Everest.
21. Geographically, the Himalayas are alive! The Indo-Australian plate is still moving at 67 mm/year, and over the coming 10 million years, it is estimated that it will travel about 1,500 km into Asia.
22. The Himalayas are the source for rivers such as the Ganga Brahmaputra, the Indus, and the Yangtze. All three are the major river systems of the Asia continent.
23. The Himalayas are considered to be the third largest deposit of ice and snow in the world, besides Antarctica and the Arctic. There are about 15,000 glaciers located throughout the range.
24. God Shiva resides in the Himalayas as per Hindu Mythology.
25. The word ‘Himalaya” in Sanskrit is known as abode of snow.
26. The geological age of the Himalayas is approximately 70 million years, the youngest Mountain Range in the world.
27. Nepal is the only country in the world with altitudinal variation ranging from 70 meters to 8848 meters.
28. At any part of Nepal between 100 km going from South to North, one can experience different types of climate, from hot tropical to bone chilling Artic type weather.
29. The ideal height gain for mountaineers is 1,000 ft above 10,000 ft per day.
30. Nepal boasts the most extreme places on the earth such as the highest valley on earth (Arun valley), the deepest gorges in Kaligandaki (1200 meter), the highest lake of the world (Tilicho 4800 meters), and the tallest grassland in the world in Chitwan.
31. The river older than the Himalayas is Kaligandaki which acts as the major ecological dividing line of the whole Eastern and Western Himalayas.
32. Nepalese river consists of the only natural breeding ground of the Long Snouted Gharial crocodile.
33. Around 6% of the world’s rhododendron species are found in Nepal.
34. Nepal has 8 % of the total birds species found in the world i.e. 870 species of birds, which is higher than the whole continent of Europe and North Africa combined.
35. Nepal is considered to be the home of the both the Bengal tiger and the one-horned rhinoceros. You can see both of them in a single country.
36. Over 650 species of butterflies i.e. 4.2% of the world’s total butterfly species known so far are found in Nepal.
37. The second largest population of One-horned Rhino is found in Nepal (in Chitwan).
38. It is believed that Nepal has largest moth in the world (Atlas Moth).
39. Some species of the largest wild honeybees are found in Nepal.
40. Nepal is considered to be one of the best habitats for Snow Leopard.
41. The world’s largest herd of Swamp deer is found in Sukla Phanta in Western Nepal.
42. Nepal has been able to save Blackbuck from extinction, and increase the tiger population, while bringing back the endangered wildlife species such as Indian Bison, Gharial, wild buffalo and many others to viable a viable and healthy population.
43. Some decades before, there were less than 80 rhinos in Nepal, which has increased to 500 remnants now. This has been considered undoubtedly an outstanding result of global wildlife conservation record.
44. Two National Parks; Chitwan National Park and Everest National Park of Nepal are listed as World Heritage Sites.
45. The only National Park close to the capital and the international airport is Shivapuri National Park at Budhanilkantha in Nepal.
46. Elephant polo game was originated from Meghauli in Nepal. Tiger Tops in Nepal is the site of the World Elephant Polo Championships headquarters of elephant polo.
47. Above nineteen percent of the total landmass of the country is protected under National Park and Protected Area in Nepal.
48. Multi conceptual park management system was successfully implemented at first in Annapurna Area and ACAP is the world model for conservation and sustainable development.
49. Nepal is considered as one of the best arenas for Adventure and Extreme Sport tourism such as mountaineering, paragliding, cannoning, kayaking, rafting, bungee jumping, high altitude, Marathon Mountain biking, etc.
50. Most of the upstream Nepalese rivers deliver the best rapids for white-water rafting. Karnali in Simikot is known as one of the best rivers in the world for kayaking.